Smectite clays are super stable

Smectite clays, Calcium Bentonites, are a super stable compound, and the minerals are tightly bound by covalent O and OH (hydroxide) bonds. OH is an oxygen atom covalently bonded to a hydrogen atom, each providing an electron to form the covalent bond. Like a chain link fence these bonds hold the atoms tightly together, forming the structure of the clay particle.

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